Currently most shoulder surgeries can be done arthroscopically, with the exception of shoulder replacements.
We now have a greater understanding of shoulder injuries and diseases. New type of lesions are being detailed and classified. SLAP lesion is an example. There is also a new understanding of normal anatomical variants like the Buford complex, Biceps variants etc.
Surgeons are learning new skills, in addition to the technological advancements they have. Arthroscopy has led to simulation training as well. For example, ‘Alex’ shoulder model helps surgeons to practice new techniques before applying them to actual patients.
Currently most shoulder surgeries can be done arthroscopically, with the exception of shoulder replacements. Also, arthroscopic polymer resurfacing is being used as trials and is opening new avenues for advanced arthroscopic joint replacements.
In future surgery may be done without penetrating the skin. This means no surgical scars. We already have joint replacement using a single needle.Nanobots are inserted into the shoulder joint with a single needle injection. These are carbon-based robots less than 100 nanometers in size and not visible to the human eye. Besides, some nanobotsare equipped with cameras, allowing us to watch and navigate the worker nanobots. Suchnanobots manipulate the molecules of injected ethylene monomer;replenishing the damaged regions of the joint. The nanobots, after accomplishing their mission, are then depleted by the body’s lymph system after a few days. This may not be too far fetched, as nanotechnologists are successful at converting individual atoms to createworking nanobots and nanotubes to transport the nanobots.